The discipline of the Designation of Origin wine in Italy dates back to 1963, in particular the law 930/1963, which identifies for the first time the quality levels of the pyramid, placing at the top of the Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin (DOCG).
Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin (DOCG)
In fact you had to wait until 1980 to finally see the new DOCG operating. In 1980 alone, in fact, after Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG, Brunello di Montalcino and Barolo and Barbaresco born. They were 10 DOCG in 1992, when the law 164 has reorganized the discipline, on the basis of Regulation EEC Nr.823 of 1987. We come to 2011, when with the DM 30/11 / 2011 the specifications established for all appellations of Origin Italian are published, amended to conform to the EC Reg. no. 1234/2007. This event led to the approval of 17 DOCG in 2011 only, which followed 13 approved in 2010. For comparison, consider that in 2009 only 2 were approved, and in 2008 only 4. Today (31 / 07/2014) there are 73 DOCG.
The region with more DOCG is Piedmont, with 16 DOCG, followed by Veneto (14) and Tuscany (11). At the bottom, Sicily, Sardinia and Basilicata count one DOCG and Trentino-Alto Adige, Valle d'Aosta, Molise and Calabria Liguria none. In the latter regions some DOC would have unlimited features for maximum qualifying, so we expect that these gaps will be filled in the near future.